CONTEMPORARY OBSTETRICS IN RUSSIA AS SOCIOCULTURAL PHENOMENON (METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES FOR STUDIES)

© 2019 Natalia Shalygina

2019 — №1 (17)


Keywords: obstetrics, boundaries of the body, childbirth anthropology, motherhood, traditions, customs, rites of passage, prohibitions, psychotherapy during childbirth

Abstract: The article reviews the most important concepts of humanization of childbirth in the modern world generally and, particularly, in Russia. The cause for accentuating the Russian experience as a separate problem is obvious strengthening in the last years of “childbirth narrative” in the information space of the Russian Internet, where young Russians express discontent with the existing practice of obstetric care in maternity hospitals. However, their active evaluation of obstetric processes is characterized by a high uncertainty of values and principles. On the one hand, young women discuss the problem of the medicalization of childbirth; on the other hand, among Russian bloggers, the notion of childbirth humanization is gaining a better understanding. This notion takes into consideration women’s convictions and feelings, their dignity and independent decisions on obstetric care.


Author info:

Natalya Valentinovna Shalygina is Cand. Sc. and Senior Research Fellow at the Ethnogender Studies Sector of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow).


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